American Cockroach Picture And Description And Cockroach Identification
The American cockroach is also known as the waterbug and in some areas of the United States, the palmetto bug. The American cockroach is the largest of the common species and usually grows to about 1 1/2 inch or more in length. Its color is reddish brown with a pale brown or yellow border. As you can see from the photo it has a yellow band across its head. Both sexes have well developed wings but the males wings extend beyond the abdomen.
The female American Cockroach drops her egg capsule about a day after it is formed. This egg capsule can be dropped near a food source or other protected area. In the southern United States this egg capsule can be found in a moist area near decaying wood. The egg capsule may be glued to a suitable surface with secretions from the female's mouth. Egg capsules are formed at about 1 per week until about 15 to 90 capsules are produced. Each capsule can contain about 14 to 20 eggs.
The nymphs are grayish brown and molt 9 to 13 times before reaching maturity. The nymph stage varies from about 150 to 900 days. The adult female, under ideal conditions, can live 14 to 16 months. Males live for a shorter period.
Nymphs and adults are usually found in warm moist areas. Areas like basements, crawl spaces, around bathtubs, floor drains and sewers. In the south the American cockroach can be found in yards, hollow trees and moist shady areas. They can also be found around foundations and swimming pools and wood piles and even in attics. When conditions are unfavorable, the American cockroach and other species can move indoors for food and shelter.
American cockroaches will feed on almost anything but prefer decaying organic matter. The American cockroach will also feed on book bindings, clothing and starchy items. Sweets are also attractive to the American cockroach. They can survive two or three months without food but will die in about a month without water. The adults have well developed wings but seldom fly but they may be active fliers if conditions and temperatures are correct.
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